UPCOMING WORKSHOPS, EVENTS & TRAININGS (IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER)

Payment instructions will be sent upon receipt of your request. Please complete your payment within 2 weeks from the instructions. Advanced payment is required except by prior advance agreement. Early application is strongly suggested.

POP-UP SALE
VIETNAMESE FASHION & JAPANESE ANTIQUES

Sun and Moon Academy Presents:
Vietnam and Japan: Style, Design, Dialogue
A Talk by Veteran Journalist Nguyen Qui Duc

Restorative Yoga with Gong Sound Healing with Leza Lowitz & Cheryl Rodriguez

Sound Healing Journey with Swami Arun and Devi Moe, A series of sound healing sessions in November & December

LAST CHANCE! 20-Hour Restorative Yoga Teacher Training Certification Course Level 1 with Leza Lowitz

20-Hour Maternity Yoga Teacher Training with Kitty

ANNUAL ABUNDANCE FLOW WORKSHOP with Leza Lowitz, Creating Abundance: Opening to Flow, January 13 2020



phuong_popupPOP-UP SALE
VIETNAMESE FASHION & JAPANESE ANTIQUES
Sun and Moon Yoga, Gotanda, Tokyo

Saturday, October 26 2:00-4:30pm

Fashion by Vietnamese Designer Nguyen Mai Phuong
Japanese Antiques & Vintage Home Goods Sale

Feather Your Nest and Adorn your Body in Beauty!

Special sale of Vietnamese fashion designer Phuong’s one-of-a-kind, insanely wearable clothing creations and a treasure trove of Japanese antiques, tea bowls and interior goods, all priced to sell.

Admission Free/No Reservations Necessary

phuongAbout the Designer:
Nguyen Mai Phuong established aN Store five years ago in Ha Noi and two years ago in Hoi An, Central Viet Nam. aN store reflects Phuong’s passion for both interior decor and fashion, presenting casual yet elegant clothes with an emphasis on local craftsmanship. This lifestyle destination boutique has distinct Vietnamese characteristics while showcasing influences from Morocco to Japan.

dishesAbout the Collector:
Writer/Yoga teacher Leza Lowitz loves Japanese folk art, ceramics, woodwork, fabric and anything with a wabi-wabi soul. She has spent far too many years collecting beautiful Japanese handmade things, which she is now ready to find new homes for.

*******
This event is followed by a special talk by veteran Journalist Nyugen Qui Duc,
Vietnam and Japan: Style, Design, Dialogue from 5:30-7:00pm
See below.


When Registering for our workshops: If you do not receive a confirmation reply within ONE WEEK, your registration has not been received OR you have not received our reply. If that is the case, please re-send your registration request. ALSO PLEASE CHECK YOUR JUNK BOX, ESPECIALLY GMAIL, YAHOO MAIL, or HOTMAIL USERS!
Namaste



sma_logoSun and Moon Academy Presents

Vietnam and Japan: Style, Design, Dialogue
A Talk by Veteran Journalist Nguyen Qui Duc

Saturday, October 26, 5:30-7:00pm
at Sun and Moon Yoga

duc_2Over the past twenty years, Japanese presence and influence in Viet Nam have been increasing at an astounding rate. From support of the arts to commerce and restaurants, there is hardly a way to escape the influence of Japan in urban areas.

From the 19th century, there have been movements to “look east.” Today, “looking east” also means a way to counteract the Chinese influence. To understand the subtle Japanese influence and powerful presence in Vietnam, one need only to look at buildings, business establishments, style, fashion, food and design.

Japanese architects and home styles are revered, sushi and robata restaurants are hugely popular, and major infrastructure projects funded by Japan and powered by Japanese technical expertise have made a profound imprint on Vietnamese society. Meanwhile, Vietnamese travels to Japan for work and tourism are on the rise. Japanese whiskies have become so popular that people frequently advertise their hand-carried treasures. Fake bottles have also appeared on the market.

Exports of textiles and clothing to Japan can be seen as part of a long-term trade and cultural exchange that promises more exciting opportunities linking the two countries in the future. How will this dialogue evolve and shape the next generations?

Join us for this special evening as Duc will walk us through the ways the Japanese influence can be felt in many aspects of Vietnamese society, detailing his own travel observations and experience in bringing Japanese cuisine, fashion and culture to Vietnam through his popular shops, art gallery, bars and restaurants. Lecture followed by Q and A/open discussion.

About the Speaker:
ducNguyen Qui Duc
, a native of Viet Nam, has been a journalist and radio producer working in Europe and America since 1979, with a long focus on Asia and its position in the world. He has worked for the BBC in London and KALW-FM in San Francisco and as a commentator for National Public Radio. He was the host of Pacific Time, KQED-FM Public Radio’s national program on Asian and Asian American Affairs, from 2000 to 2006. His essays have been published in The Asian Wall Street Journal Weekly, The New York Times Magazine, The San Francisco Examiner, The San Jose Mercury News and others.

He is the owner of the popular bar, art gallery and sushi restaurant Tadioto in Ha Noi and Hoi An, and three sushi and ramen restaurants, Moto. He has recently opened a Japanese-style beer and grill garden in Hoi An.

Duc is the author of Where the Ashes Are: The Odyssey of a Vietnamese Family, and the translator of the novella Behind The Red Mist by Ho Anh Thai, (Curbstone Press, 1997). He was also co-editor, with John Balaban, of Vietnam: A Traveler’s Literary Companion (Whereabouts Press, 1995), and Once Upon A Dream, The Vi-etnamese American Experience, (Andrews-McMeel, 1995). His translation of The Time Tree, Poems by Huu Thinh, (Curbstone Press, 2004), with George Evans, was a finalist for the 2004 Translation Prize from the Northern California Book Reviewers Association. He returned to live in Viet Nam in the mid-1990s. He is a frequent traveller, and visits Japan once or twice a year with a deep fondness and admiration for the Japanese lifestyle and designs.

Duc will be joined in conversation by Nguyen Mai Phuong, a fashion designer and interior stylist, owner of aN Store, which she established five years ago in Ha Noi and two year ago in Hoi An, Central Viet Nam. The boutique is a culmination and an expression of her passion for both interior decor and fashion. Presenting casual yet elegant clothes, with an emphasis on local craftsmanship, aN Store at-tracts regular East Asian customers and visitors from Europe. At aN Store, Phuong collects leather, linen and fabric from around the region to produce unique handbags, accessories, and home items for new consumers with individual taste. Phuong thinks of her boutiques as a lifestyle destination that has distinct Vietnamese characteristics while showcasing influences and flavors from Morocco to Japan.

Reservations Required. But. drop-ins welcome as space permits.

Admission: 2,500 yen

This event will be in English and Japanese. (Japanese translator: Mina Suzuki)

About Sun and Moon Academy:
MISSION
Sun and Moon Academy is a new offshoot of Sun and Moon Yoga, a yoga/healing studio opened in 2003. Our mission: to be a safe, inclusive, and accessible community space that connects individuals through the Five Is– ideas, information, inspiration, innovation, and inquiry.
To support our mission, we will present lectures, workshops, conversations, performances, and events that will empower and transform. The programming will highlight inspiring people in the worlds of spirituality, yoga, science/technology, art & ideas, from a range of perspectives and approaches. The Sun and Moon Academy community will always be growing, learning, and sharing.

WHY
Coming together is a powerful act. We’re surrounded by a wealth of incredibly inspiring individuals from many different cultures, with amazing stories of ordinary lives lived extraordinarily. Founder Leza Lowitz says: “Sun and Moon Academy is here to inspire people to develop their gifts, skills, and offerings in whatever way best serves their individual selves, communities, and families. With our programming and community space, we aim to foster curiosity, awareness, and connection by providing a space to learn about diverse fields, cultures, and backgrounds through a spirit of generosity, service, and love.”

How to Apply:
If you are interested in attending this workshop, hit Contact and send in a request with the workshop title in the subject. Include your full NAME, ADDRESS, and PHONE NUMBER. Payment instructions will be sent upon receipt of your request. Please complete your payment within 2 weeks from the instructions. Advanced payment is required except by prior advance agreement. Early application is strongly suggested.


When Registering for our workshops: If you do not receive a confirmation reply within ONE WEEK, your registration has not been received OR you have not received our reply. If that is the case, please re-send your registration request. ALSO PLEASE CHECK YOUR JUNK BOX, ESPECIALLY GMAIL, YAHOO MAIL, or HOTMAIL USERS!
Namaste


mi4_7772BACK BY POPULAR DEMAND!
Restorative Yoga with Gong Sound Healing with Leza Lowitz & Cheryl Rodriguez

Sunday November 10, 2:30pm-4:00pm

Join Leza Lowitz and Sound Healer Cheryl Rodriguez from Hong Kong for a healing sound bath combining Restorative Yoga and the sound vibrations.

All levels welcome. Beginners Welcome.

About the instructors
leza_portraitLeza Lowitz
Leza is the director of Sun and Moon Yoga, which she founded in 2003. After graduating from U.C. Berkeley and receiving an M.A. in Creative Writing/Japanese Literature, Lowitz moved to Tokyo in the early 1990s, drawn by an early interest in Buddhism, which she studied as a teenager at Berkeley High School. She taught writing at Tokyo University and wrote for the Japan Times, the Asahi Evening News, NHK and others. After decades as a successful freelance writer, editor, and university instructor, she came to the realization that her hectic lifestyle was burning her out, and that she wanted a more spiritual relationship to the world. Was there a way to “do” less and “be” more? Was there a way to heal oneself and re-connect with herself and others in the world? Looking for answers, she returned to California and took her first yoga class in 1989 with Veera Wibaux, an Iyengar-trained French mime, and in 1996, she began intensive study with Jill Minye, a powerful Kripalu teacher. More…

in-sheung-wanCheryl Rodriguez
Cheryl first discovered sound healing during a trip to London when she joined a gong meditation after a yoga class. She was immediately hooked after feeling a deep sense of relaxation from the soothing sounds and began attending regular sessions when she was back in Hong Kong to balance a high-pressure corporate lifestyle.

After an unexpected surgery, Cheryl went to a sound meditation session to help relax during the recovery and directly felt the deeper healing effects of vibrational sound and later, water, which led her to study the modalities. She has since studied with teachers from Argentina, Australia, Canada, Germany, Hawaii, India, Japan and Thailand.

Cheryl recently offered a gong meditation for Global Wellness Day in Hong Kong at the Four Seasons Hotel and has collaborated with Stuart Sandeman of BreathPod for a breath and sound workshop, as well as MDFLMVMT and MIND HK for a public gong meditation at the Hong Kong Stock Exchange to raise awareness for mental health and well-being.

Cheryl hosts regular sound meditations at ENHALE studio, Alive Wellness and corporate offices, as well as individual private sessions. She is also an aquatic bodywork practitioner and a kids yoga teacher.

In addition, her many years of attending Ariel & Shya Kane’s seminars on the practice of living in the moment, Cheryl brings a more mindful, nurturing and compassionate approach to her clients’ sessions.

Cost: 3000 yen

Japanese translation: TBA

How to Apply:
If you are interested in attending this workshop, hit Contact and send in a request with the workshop title in the subject. Include your full NAME, ADDRESS, and PHONE NUMBER.
Payment instructions will be sent upon receipt of your request. Please complete your payment within 2 weeks from the instructions. Advanced payment is required except by prior advance agreement. Early application is strongly suggested.


When Registering for our workshops: If you do not receive a confirmation reply within ONE WEEK, your registration has not been received OR you have not received our reply. If that is the case, please re-send your registration request. ALSO PLEASE CHECK YOUR JUNK BOX, ESPECIALLY GMAIL, YAHOO MAIL, or HOTMAIL USERS!
Namaste


arun_fluteSOUND HEALING Journey with Swami Arun & Devi Moe
at Sun and Moon Yoga

Date (Please specify the date you wish to join when you register.)
Saturday November 2, 5:00pm-7:00pm
Saturday November 9, 5:00pm-7:00pm
Saturday November 16, 5:00pm-7:00pm
Saturday November 23, 5:00pm-7:00pm
Saturday November 30, 5:00pm-7:00pm
Saturday December 7, 5:00pm-7:00pm

Sound healing is one of the oldest and most natural forms of healing known to humankind.

It uses the power of sound to restore mind, body and spirit to a state of balance. The harmonic vibrations from the instruments have a deep penetrating effect on the receiver, promoting healing and well-being.

In these special offerings, you will experience a Sound Healing Journey. As you relax and let the vibrations of ancient instruments like the Shamanic Drum, Didgeridoo, Tibetan Bowls, Crystal Bowls, Gongs and Flute wash over you and sink into your cells. The sound waves from the instruments entrain the brain to move into the deeper Alpha, Theta and Delta brain wave frequencies, inducing a deep meditative and peaceful state.

Human beings are comprised mainly of water. These vibrations deeply penetrate our bodies, moving through our tissues and organs, resonating directly into our cellular memory releasing blockages and creating a profound sense of peace and relaxation.

This is not just an auditory experience—it’s like receiving a full body sound massage!

Most people fall into a state of deep relaxation, it’s a pathway to meditation, even if you have never meditated, as the sound becomes a focal point for the mind, reducing monkey-mind chatter.

People emerge from the sound bath experience feeling lighter, more balanced, refreshed, and rejuvenated.

Benefits of Sound Healing:
• Deepening of the meditation experience
• Heightened perceptions and sensations in the body
• Feeling more centered and balanced within
• Deep profound relaxation
• Enhanced sense of wellness
• Improved sleep
• Decrease in stress, anxiety and depression
• Emotional trauma release
• Soul journey, sharpened intuition and messages from the Divine

We are especially delighted to have Swami Arun return to Sun and Moon, as he held his very first Sound Healing workshop ever at Sun and Moon Yoga in Meguro, 12 years ago at owner Leza Lowitz’s encouragement. Welcome back, Swami Arun!

Cost: 3500 yen per session
The session will be taught in English and Japanese.

arun_moe2About Swami Arun
In Australia, Arun began his spiritual journey by learning to play Didjeridoo with the specific meditative technique of Circular Breathing. He subsequently combined this technique with his studies of Panic Healing to create a Music Therapy Healing Massage technique.

He continued his research by traveling in Nepal and India, where he received Osho’s Sannyas and the name Swami Arun at the Osho Multiversity in Pune. Arun resided at the Osho Ashram several times to master different meditation practices there.

In the Himalayas, Arun’s heart was deeply touched by the magical sound frequencies of Gongs and Tibetan Bowls and above all, by the fantastic healing properties of these instruments. The Vibrational Frequencies of Gongs and Tibetan Bowls can carry all of us into a “Theta State” without any previous meditation experience, balancing the energy field and harmonizing the chakras.

Arun created his personal meditation style through intuition and Divine Guidance. His Healing Sound Journey with Gongs, Tibetan Bowls and Crystal Bowls have helped hundreds of people around the world to have amazing transformative experiences. He has offered this Sound Healing therapy individually and in group sessions around the world for over a decade.

Arun currently resides in Ubud, Bali, and has been offering Sound Healing at The YOGA BARN for the last 12 years.

How to Apply:
If you are interested in attending this workshop, hit Contact and send in a request with the workshop title in the subject. (Please do not forget to specify the date you wish to join!) Include your full NAME, ADDRESS, and PHONE NUMBER.
Payment instructions will be sent upon receipt of your request. Please complete your payment within 2 weeks from the instructions. Advanced payment is required except by prior advance agreement. Early application is strongly suggested.


When Registering for our workshops: If you do not receive a confirmation reply within ONE WEEK, your registration has not been received OR you have not received our reply. If that is the case, please re-send your registration request. ALSO PLEASE CHECK YOUR JUNK BOX, ESPECIALLY GMAIL, YAHOO MAIL, or HOTMAIL USERS!
Namaste


LAST CHANCE!
20-Hour Restorative Yoga Teacher Training Certification Course Level 1
restorative_cuwith Leza Lowitz at Sun and Moon Yoga in December 2019

Schedule
Saturday December 14 4:30-9:30pm (5 hours)
Sunday December 15 4:30-9:30pm (5 hours)
Saturday December 21 4:30-9:30pm (5 hours)
Sunday December  22 4:30-9:30pm (5 hours)

LAST CHANCE to take Leza Lowitz’s Restorative Yoga Teacher Training for a while!

Come join us for this popular, comprehensive and life-changing teacher training.

Why Restorative Yoga? Why Now?
Daily life is incredibly stressful, especially in an urban environment. We spend a great deal of energy just trying to survive, often running on adrenaline (the “fight or flight response”) until we burn out. Now more than ever, we need a slower, deeper yoga practice that helps us regain our equilibrium and combat the stresses of modern life. Restorative yoga is one such practice that invites the body’s “relaxation response,” calms the nervous system, and quiets the mind. Restorative Yoga is a deeply relaxing, “passive” practice of Hatha Yoga in which we let go of physical, mental and emotional tension by practicing yoga poses in a fully supported environment, holding the poses for longer durations of time, and focusing on the breath. Supported by a variety of props such as bolsters, blankets, blocks, belts, sandbag weights, and other props, this practice helps us regain the equilibrium of the body/spirit, allowing deep relaxation, surrender and opening. This practice is perfect for those who have injuries, are recovering from illness, those with physical limitations, or those who simply want to relax and regain harmony and balance in their lives.

COURSE CONTENT
In this teacher training, you will learn: What is Restorative Yoga? How does it work physiologically, psycho-spiritually, and emotionally? Proper use of Props: How to set up each pose. How to spot and correct common mistakes in prop usage Restorative sequences for different effects Many original restorative postures developed by Leza Specific poses/practices for specific therapeutic needs (insomnia, chronic fatigue syndrome, etc). Pranayama for Restorative yoga How to design a Restorative yoga class around a specific theme or focus. How to incorporate other forms of yoga therapy into Restorative yoga, such as Thai Yoga Massage, Visualization, Guided Meditation, Yoga Nidra, etc.

This course will also discuss concepts such as” How Yoga Works” using the Inner and Outer methods of thought/intention and Five Layers of Experience (koshas). Meditations and Inner Work sessions will be incorporated into the teachings on Restorative asanas.

COURSE FORMAT Classes will be part lecture, part practice, part demonstration in which students will set each other up in the poses and practice with each other, and part question and answer period/discussion.

ABOUT THE INSTRUCTOR
Leza Lowitz has been teaching and practicing Hatha and Restorative yoga for over a decade. She was the first teacher to introduce Restorative yoga to Japan in 2003. (When Sun and Moon shipped all the props from America, customs officials held them for months because they had to test every pillow and eye bag for hidden drugs!) She has offered her highly popular Restorative yoga classes at workshops and on retreats internationally. She appeared on “99 Size” teaching Restorative yoga in 2004. She is a writer and certified yoga teacher who has studied many yogic and healing traditions with many illustrious teachers and masters from all over the world. She is the owner of Sun and Moon Yoga and author of the best-selling book Yoga Poems: Lines to Unfold By and Sacred Sanskrit Words: For Yoga, Chant and Meditation (with Reema Datta) in addition to 18 other books.

What to Bring:
The studio has everything you will need for this training. No need to bring bolsters, blankets, weights, yoga mats, eye pillows or anything else. Just bring a notebook and water. You will be given take-home handouts after the end of each session. No recording will be permitted.

Cost: 98,000 yen (tax included)

Japanese and/or English training manual provided upon completion. Certificate awarded upon successful completion of course. Payment instructions will be sent upon receipt of your request. Early application is strongly suggested.

Limit: 20 students. Course fills up quickly, so register soon to ensure a spot.
*For re-takers, 50% off. Please state briefly the reason why you wish to retake the course when you apply.

Japanese translation by Hiromi Kitty Thompson
(The course is taught in English with the Japanese translation.)

REQUIREMENT:
- Prior 200hr Yoga Teacher Training Certification is strongly suggested. For those who wish to share the practice privately or with family, exceptions can be made. Please email Sun and Moon directly to inquire.
- Attendants are required to have taken at least 10 restorative yoga classes prior to this training.
- Attendants must take all sessions. No make-ups will be allowed except in the case of emergency.

How to Apply:
If you are interested in attending this training, hit Contact and send in a request with the course name and month in the subject. Include your full NAME, ADDRESS, PHONE NUMBER and PLEASE ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS BRIEFLY AND FROM THE HEART.
1. PLEASE DETAIL YOUR YOGA PRACTICE (HOW MANY YEARS, STYLE, WHERE)
2. PLEASE DETAIL YOUR YOGA TEACHING EXPERIENCE (HOW MANY YEARS, STYLE, WHERE, CERTIFICATION: SCHOOL NAME AND DATE OF GRADUATION/CERTIFICATION)
3. WHAT IS YOUR RESTORATIVE YOGA EXPERIENCE AND WHY DO YOU WISH TO TAKE THIS TRAINING?
4. WHAT IS YOUR INTENTION FOR THIS TRAINING? PLEASE BE SPECIFIC.
5. PLEASE LIST ANY INJURIES OR MEDICAL CONDITIONS WE SHOULD KNOW ABOUT. (INCLUDING PREGNANCY)

Payment instructions will be sent upon receipt of your request. Please complete your payment within 2 weeks from the instructions. Advanced payment is required except by prior advance agreement. Early application is strongly suggested.


When Registering for our workshops: If you do not receive a confirmation reply within ONE WEEK, your registration has not been received OR you have not received our reply. If that is the case, please re-send your registration request. ALSO PLEASE CHECK YOUR JUNK BOX, ESPECIALLY GMAIL, YAHOO MAIL, or HOTMAIL USERS!
Namaste


marternity2_small20-Hour Maternity Yoga Teacher Training Course with Kitty

January 4-7, 2020

This training is taught in Japanese. For details and registration, please visit our Japanese page.


ANNUAL ABUNDANCE FLOW WORKSHOP
Creating Abundance: Opening to Flow:
A One-Day CRASH COURSE in Energy Flow and Manifesting with Leza Lowitz at Sun and Moon Yoga

Monday/National Holiday, January 13, 2020 9:00am-4pm

abundance2SET GOALS FOR THE YEAR AND CHART A NEW COURSE FOR YOUR LIFE!!!

Do you feel guilty having plenty? How do you approach giving and receiving?
Do you love what you do?
Does something always seem to stop you from pursuing your dreams?
Money and abundance, like everything else in the universe, are forms of energy. They have certain spiritual laws of flow. What is your attitude towards money and abundance? Where did it come from? Do you give yourself permission to have abundance?

This workshop is about opening up ALL CHANNELS OF FLOW in the universe and manifesting your highest potential to help you serve others.
This workshop will also help you understand and transform your relationship to money and flow, ultimately helping you find your life’s work and realize your natural state of abundance and generosity, having more to give and share.

In this workshop, we will use:
・ guided meditations
・ journaling
・ manifesting techniques
・ partner work
・ magnetizing techniques and more…

All to help you understand and transform your beliefs about abundance, listen to your intuition, and draw opportunity and possibility to you in ways that support you and the universe.

A participant in a past “Creating Abundance” workshop said:

“I can’t thank you enough for all you taught and offered today. I have not felt this clear about my purpose in life before. So much in today’s workshop spoke to me, and I now have the faith and trust in myself to go forward and put it all into action!!!”

Writer Bonnie Lee La Madeleine attended a prior workshop on Creating Abundance. She said; “The workshop did more to help me see how I hinder my own efforts than anything else. The experience has helped me focus my writing skills and develop a plan to become a full-time self-employed writer. I now have one book in negotiation, and one proposal being seriously considered.”

If you have been looking for a way to expand your horizons and potential, this special workshop is for you.

The workshop will be in English with Japanese interpretation by Haruka Takahashi. You may do the journaling and partnerwork in English or Japanese.

Cost:
SPECIAL WINTER SOLSTICE DISCOUNT–15,000yen if registration including the completion of payment completed by December 25, 2019
Regular Cost:
20,000yen
Previous Workshop Attendees who wish to Repeat–10,000yen

Limit: 30 people

Japanese translation: Hiromi Kitty Thompson

THIS WORKSHOP FILLS UP QUICKLY, SO SIGN UP NOW AND START TO MANIFEST YOUR DREAMS!

How to Apply:
If you are interested in attending this workshop, hit Contact and send in a request with the workshop title in the subject. Include your full NAME, ADDRESS, and PHONE NUMBER.
Payment instructions will be sent upon receipt of your request. Please complete your payment within 2 weeks from the instructions. Advanced payment is required except by prior advance agreement. Early application is strongly suggested.


When Registering for our workshops: If you do not receive a confirmation reply within ONE WEEK, your registration has not been received OR you have not received our reply. If that is the case, please re-send your registration request. ALSO PLEASE CHECK YOUR JUNK BOX, ESPECIALLY GMAIL, YAHOO MAIL, or HOTMAIL USERS!
Namaste



PAST WORKSHOPS
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
2010
2009
2008
2007
2006
2005 and Prior